When do hummingbirds leave and when to take down your feeder? I’ve collected the data and compiled it for you in an easy to read table displayed in this article.
People across the U.S. enjoy watching hummingbirds and setting out feeders for these migratory birds. Inevitably the time will come for hummingbirds to move south, so how do you know when that time has come?
When Do Hummingbirds Leave – State By State Info
Hummingbirds leave roughly in August for males and a couple of weeks later for females. This is dependent on location in the U.S. as southern states will see later departures.
I cover many of the U.S. states in this article on when hummingbirds start to migrate and what you need to know. I thought it useful to include information on when to take down your hummingbird feeder as well.
When Do Hummingbirds Leave
Hummingbird migration involves them flying north in the spring and south in the fall to warmer areas.
The Smithsonian’s National Zoo & Conservation Biology Institute relays that:
17 species regularly nest in the United States, many of these are found close to the Mexican border. Most areas in the U.S. have one or two breeding species, and only the ruby-throated hummingbird nests east of the Mississippi.
This table was compiled in part with data from https://www.beautyofbirds.com/
|Hummingbird By State||Common Hummingbirds||Fall Migration Date|
|When do hummingbirds leave Alabama||Ruby-throated Hummingbirds||Leave late October/early November|
|When do hummingbirds leave Arkansas||Ruby-throated Hummingbirds||Leave late September/early November|
|When do hummingbirds leave Colorado||Black-chinned Hummingbirds/ Broad-tailed Hummingbirds/ Costa’s Hummingbirds/ Rufous Hummingbirds||Leave in early September|
|When do hummingbirds leave Florida||Ruby-throated Hummingbirds||Leave mid to late October|
|when do hummingbirds leave Georgia||Ruby-throated Hummingbirds||Leave mid October|
|When do hummingbirds leave Illinois||Ruby-throated Hummingbirds||Leave in early September|
|When do hummingbirds leave Michigan||Ruby-throated Hummingbirds||Leave late August/early September|
|When do hummingbirds leave Missouri||Ruby-throated Hummingbirds||Leave mid August/early October|
|When do hummingbirds leave Texas||Buff-bellied Hummingbirds/ Ruby-throated Hummingbirds/ Black-chinned Hummingbirds||Leave mid to late October|
The table above provides a general idea of the U.S. regions with types of hummingbirds and their approximate dates of migration.
Did You Know:
Hummingbirds weigh about the same as a penny.
When Should I Take Down My Hummingbird Feeder?
You can leave your hummingbird feeder up as long as you continue to see hummingbirds. It will not deter or prevent the hummingbirds from leaving and starting to migrate.
Continue to leave the feeder outside for up to two weeks after the last sighting. This ensures any migrating hummingbird that is passing by will have a food source.
Be sure not to leave the feeder out in freezing weather as this can obviously cause damage. When you start to see frost you know the time has come to take down the feeder.
Leave feeder up in the fall as long as you continue to see hummingbirds, for up to two weeks after last sighting.
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What Should I Look For In A Hummingbird Feeder?
You’ll find several designs when looking for a hummingbird feeder. You should choose one that is easy to clean as this will be required of you quite regularly.
Some things to look out for are the quality of the parts, does it leak easily?, and does it have a perch? A perch is useful for hummingbirds but not essential, they can get along just fine without.
JB’s Clean Feed is a popular design that is easy to clean and dishwasher safe. If you are looking for a new feeder, consider it. I participate in Amazon affiliate program and may make a commission on a purchase made.
Hummingbird Nectar Recipe
According to the Smithsonian’s National Zoo & Conservation Biology Institute the recipe to make your own hummingbird nectar is as follows:
- Refined white sugar
Directions for making safe hummingbird food:
- Mix 1 part sugar with 4 parts water (for example, 1 cup of sugar with 4 cups of water) until the sugar is dissolved
- Do not add red dye
- Fill your hummingbird feeders with the sugar water and place outside
- Extra sugar water can be stored in a refrigerator
- Change feeders every other day and thoroughly clean them each time to prevent harmful mold growth
If you feed and enjoy watching hummingbirds, this article provides some information on the dates common hummingbirds leave for warmer climates. I also gave tips on feeders and provided a recipe to make your own nectar.